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Department of Physics

The Cavendish Laboratory


M. Ibrahim Dar is a Royal Society University Research Fellow in the Cavendish Laboratory at the University of Cambridge. From 2018 to 2020, he was an Advanced Swiss National Science Foundation Post-Doctoral Fellow in the group of Professor Sir Richard Friend, University of Cambridge. Prior to this, he worked as a Post-Doctoral Scientist with Professor Michael Graetzel at Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) Switzerland (2014-2018). For his postdoctoral research at EPFL, he was awarded the prestigious Zeno Karl Schindler-EPFL Prize for particular excellence in the field of sustainability and was twice awarded a special prize by the School of Basic Sciences, EPFL, Switzerland. During his PhD, he was awarded the Swiss Government Excellence Research Scholarships for two consecutive years (2012-2014), which allowed him to work in Professor Graetzel’s group as a guest PhD student. Ibrahim’s interdisciplinary research combines solid-state chemistry, and materials science to design and understand new functional materials with desired structural and optoelectronic properties for energy-oriented applications.


Solid State Chemistry/Materials Science for Energy Applications

Ibrahim’s interdisciplinary research in solid-state chemistry and nanoscience encompasses designing and understanding active materials (light absorbers/emitters) and charge conductors for their applications in devices.

The main research activities span:

  • Developing All-inorganic Solar Cells
  • Probing Interfacial Processes in Solar Cells
  • Tailoring of Mixed-conduction in Inorganic Semiconductors
  • Nucleation and Crystallization of Solid-state Materials at the Nano-regime


Key publications: 

Key publications: 

(*= corresponding author)

 Perovskite Solar Cells

  1. N. Arora,† M. IBRAHIM DAR,†* A. Hinderhofer, N. Pellet, F. Schreiber, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M.  Grätzel* Perovskite solar cells with CuSCN hole extraction layers yield stabilized efficiencies greater than 20%. Science 2017, 358, 768-771. DOI: 10.1126/science.aam5655 (†= authors contributed equally)
  2. Y. Wang, M. IBRAHIM. DAR,* L.K. Ono, T. Zhang, M. Kan, Y. Li, L. Zhang, X. Wang, Y. Yang, X. Gao, Y. Qi,* M. Grätzel,* Y. Zhao* Thermodynamically stabilized β-CsPbI3 based perovskite solar cells with efficiencies >18%, Science, 2019,  365, 591-595. DOI: 10.1126/science.aav8680  
  3. M. Abdi-Jalebi,* M. IBRAHIM DAR, S. P. Senanayak, A. Sadhanala, Z. Andaji-Garmaroudi, L. M. Pazos-Outón, J. M. Richter, A. J. Pearson, H. Sirringhaus, M. Grätzel and R. H. Friend.* Charge extraction via graded doping of hole transport layers gives highly luminescent and stable metal halide perovskite devicesScience Advances, 2019, 5, eaav2012. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aav2012
  4. N. Arora,† M. IBRAHIM DAR,†* M. Abdi-Jalebi, F. Giordano, N. Pellet, G. Jacopin, R. H. Friend, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel.* Intrinsic and Extrinsic Stability of Formamidinium Lead Bromide Perovskite Solar Cells Yielding High Photovoltage. Nano Letters 2016, 16, 7155–7162. DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b03455  (†= authors contributed equally)
  5. M. IBRAHIM DAR,* M. Abdi-Jalebi, N. Arora, T. Moehl, M. Grätzel, and M. K. Nazeeruddin.*  Understanding the impact of bromide on the photovoltaic performance of CH3NH3PbIsolar cellsAdvanced Materials 2015, 27, 7221–7228. DOI:10.1002/adma.201503124


Emission Spectroscopy

  1. M. IBRAHIM DAR,* G. Jacopin, S. Meloni, A. Mattoni, N. Arora, A. Boziki, S. M. Zakeeruddin, U. Rothlisberger, M. Graetzel. Origin of unusual bandgap shift and dual emission in organic-inorganic lead halide perovskites. Science Advances 2016, 2, e1601156. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1601156
  2. D. Bi, W. Tress, M. IBRAHIM. DAR, P. Gao, J. Luo, C. Renevier, K. Schenk, A. Abate, F. Giordano, J.-P. Correa Baena, J.-D. Decoppet, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. K. Nazeeruddin, M. Grätzel, A. Hagfeldt. Efficient luminescent solar cells based on tailored mixed-cation perovskites. Science Advances 2016, 2, e1501170. DOI:  10.1126/sciadv.1501170
  3. N. Arora,† M. IBRAHIM DAR,†* M. Hezam, W. Tress, G. Jacopin, T. Moehl, P. Gao, A. S. Aldwayyan, B. Deveaud, M. Grätzel, and M. K. Nazeeruddin. Photovoltaic and Amplified Spontaneous Emission Studies of High-Quality Formamidinium Lead Bromide Perovskite Films. Advanced Functional Materials 2016, 262846–2854. DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201504977  (†= authors contributed equally
  4. M. IBRAHIM DAR,* G. Jacopin, M. Hezam, N. Arora, S. M.Zakeeruddin, B. Deveaud, M. K. Nazeeruddin, M. Graetzel. Asymmetric cathodoluminescence emission in CH3NH3PbI3-xBrx Perovskite Single Crystals. ACS Photonics 2016, 3, 947–952. DOI: 10.1021/acsphotonics.6b00290  


Growth and Crystallization 

  1. Y. Liu, S.Akin, L. Pan, R. Uchida, N. Arora, J. V.  Milic, A. Hinderhofer, F. Schreiber, A. R. Uhl, S. M. Zakeeruddin, A. Hagfeldt, M. IBRAHIM DAR,* M. Grätzel*Ultra-Hydrophobic 3D/2D Fluoroarene Bilayer-Based Water-Resistant Perovskite Solar Cells with Efficiencies Exceeding 22%. Science Advances, 2019, 5, eaaw2543 DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aaw2543
  2. M. IBRAHIM. DAR*, A. Hinderhofer, G. Jacopin, V. Belova, N. Arora, S. M. Zakeeruddin, F. Schreiber and M. Grätzel. Function Follows Form: Correlation between the Growth and Local Emission of Perovskite Structures and the Performance of Solar Cells. Advanced Functional Materials2017, 27, 1701433. DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201701433
  3. A. Greco, A. Hinderhofer,* M. IBRAHIM. DAR,* N. Arora, J. Hagenlocher, A. Chumakov, M. Grätzel and F. Schreiber. Kinetics of Ion-Exchange Reactions in Hybrid Organic–Inorganic Perovskite Thin Films Studied by in Situ Real-Time X-ray Scattering. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 2018, 9, 6750-6754. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.8b02916  


Atomic and Molecular Modulation

  1. X. Li, M. IBRAHIM DAR, C. Yi, J. Luo, M. Tschumi, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. K. Nazeeruddin, H. Han, M. Grätzel* Improved performance and stability of perovskite solar cells by crystal crosslinking with alkylphosphonic acid ω-ammonium chlorides. Nature Chemistry 2015, 7, 703-711. DOI: 10.1038/nchem.2324
  2. M. IBRAHIM DAR,* N. Arora, P. Gao, S. Ahmad, M. Grätzel,* and M. K. Nazeeruddin.Investigation Regarding the Role of Chloride in Organic-Inorganic Halide Perovskites Obtained from Chloride Containing Precursors. Nano Letters 2014, 14, 6991–6996.  DOI: 10.1021/nl503279x
  3. M. IBRAHIM DAR, F. J. Ramos, Srinivasrao A. Shivashankar, Shahzada Ahmad, Bin Liu, Mohammad Khaja Nazeeruddin,* and Michael Grätzel.* Photoanode based on (001)-oriented anatase nanoplatelets for organic-inorganic lead iodide perovskite solar cell. Chemistry of Materials 2014, 26, 4675–4678. DOI: 10.1021/cm502185s

Teaching and Supervisions

Research supervision: 

Ibrahim is accepting applications for PhD students. We also welcome talented and enthusiastic scientists.

Royal Society University Research Fellow

Contact Details

Email address: 
+44 (0)1223 337390