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Department of Physics

The Cavendish Laboratory

This theme concerns the development of materials, devices and systems in which quantum and spin phenomena can be controlled for technological applications, in other words, to access the quantum behaviour directly at the device level. Although quantum mechanics has been involved in device technologies for many years, the revolution which is taking place is to use the fundamental processes involved in quantum physics directly. These will be the key technology for the present century and will involve new concepts to exploit the many non-intuitive features of quantum systems. The theme spans Quantum Technologies as well as Nanomagnetism and Spintronics. The immediate and longer term future will see developments in the following areas:

  • Quantum cascade lasers
  • Single and entangled photon pair sources
  • Radio frequency quantum readout of spin states
  • Sold-state quantum optics
  • Low-noise quantum sensors
  • Spintronics and Nanomagnetism
  • Nanoscience processes and surfaces